The average Jakartan spends 10 years of their life in traffic,
I lived for 2 years in the Indonesian capital and I believe it.
Three and a half million people a day commute into this hot and humid city from the wider metropolitan area of Greater Jakarta and many come by car, attracted by the status and the air-conditioning. Their cars, though, are motionless in gridlock during most of the 5am to 8am and 5pm to 8pm rush hours, and for much of the day.
Jakarta was named the world city with the worst traffic in one index last year based on satellite navigation data, the survey found
- the average driver starting and stopping more than 33,000 times a year.
- 70% of the city’s air pollution comes from vehicles.
- It takes two hours to drive 25 miles to Jakarta from Bogor, the largest of the satellite cities, where many office workers live.
- A bad journey can take three hours.
- As cars idle in endless queues, scooters slalom past, missing by inches.
- It seems there are often more passengers on the bikes than in the cars.
Efforts to reduce cars have failed why?
- Odds and Even days failed as people abused the system en mass
- three-in- one car-pooling rule was scrapped this year after years of abuse.
- Jockeys” would stand at the side of the road, offering themselves for rent so the driver could get the required two passengers; many were children, who took huge risks getting into the vehicles of strangers.- The population of Greater Jakarta now is about 30 million today
- expected to be more than 40 million by 2040 ,
- wasting hours trapped in traffic looks set to become even more of a daily frustration for residents.
Is Jakarta destined to be jammed forever, or does the city have an alternative?
- Motorbikes are twice the speed of a car in Jakarta,- they use a 10th of the fuel,
- are a 10th of the cost and use far less space
Go-Jek, the city’s two-wheeled version of Uber.
Motorbikes are much more efficient. and many say "there’s no reason for cars to exist in Jakarta at all.”
Go-Jek revolutionised the motorcycle taxi – or ojek – industry with the launch of a smartphone app last year, numbers have risen dramatically. Along with Malaysian rival Grab, and Uber’s Motor service, they have driven down fares to the anger of some drivers.
The app has been downloaded 25 million times. As well as getting around, customers can get a massage therapist or a cleaner delivered to their door within 90 minutes. This food delivery business is now Asia’s largest outside China, and the Go-Jek also offers makeovers, theatre tickets, flowers, prescription medicines.
Motorcycle taxis kill public transport
- Many concerned the rise of motorbike taxi apps could tempt people away from buses and trains.
- Go-Jek customers are smartphone users
- are middle-class people switching from private cars?
- Mosty wouldn’t have travelled on buses anyway.” Trains are always overloaded BUT A recent crackdown means excess passengers no longer ride on the roof, or hang out of the doors, inside the carriages the rush hour crush is as bad as ever.
Jakarta is the largest south-east Asian city without a metro Regional rivals Manila (1984), Singapore (1987), Kuala Lumpur (1995) and Bangkok (2004), all got there first. But four decades after it was first mooted, construction has at last begun on Jakarta’s $1.7bn (£1.4bn) metro line, known as Mass Rapid Transit (MRT).
Difficulties acquiring land rights in the south of the city have delayed the overground section of the project but, when the first stage opens in 2019, it is set to halve the hour it takes to travel 12 miles to Indonesia, Commuter Line trains make the journey from Bogor to the city centre in 55 minutes – twice as fast as the car.
A long-awaited link from the airport is set to start operating next year and the first phase of a light rail system is due to open in 2018, in time for the Asian Games. The new network should boost rail capacity from 800,000 to 1.2 million passengers a day.
Jakarta’s Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, has taken just 2 years to set up and the bill to the city was a fraction of the cost of the metro.
The 120-mile Bus network gives good coverage, within the city at least,
- they carry's 350,000 people a day.
- Buses are air conditioned,
- They have a separate section for women at the front,
- 10 pink women-only buses have recently started operation.
- Worst are the unpredictable, battered green Kopaja and orange/blue MetroMini buses which belch black smoke from poorly maintained diesel engines.
In the weekend Jakarta's has monthly car-free days and they are are popular. Spotting cyclists on other days is harder. Jakarta’s existing three cycle lanes are painted a foot or two wide – and ignored by motorists, all Footpaths are fair game for motorcyclists.
The government is allowing low-density development outside the city, and the wider metro area is spreading. That makes it difficult for public transport because there isn’t the coverage.
High-density development is needed where your first option is walking or cycling, and for longer journeys, you can use the bus or metro.”
That may seem a long way from the current reality in Jakarta, as there is no incentive to change
source: data archive